Family Tree of the Royal Dynasty of Macedon in the 4th Century BCE

Macedonia (ancient kingdom)

Macedonia or Macedon (from Greek: Μακεδονία , Makedonía ) was an ancient kingdom, centered in the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, [ 1 ] bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, the region of Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south. The rise of Macedon, from a small kingdom at the periphery of Classical Greek affairs, to one which came to dominate the entire Hellenic world, occurred under the reign of Philip II. For a brief period, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, it became the most powerful state in the world, controlling a territory that included the former Persian empire, stretching as far as the Indus River at that time it inaugurated the Hellenistic period of Ancient Greek civilization.

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