Be it enacted, That it shall be unlawful for any person to intimidate, threaten, or coerce, or to attempt to intimidate, threaten, or coerce, any other person for the purpose of interfering with the right of such other person to vote or to vote as he may choose, or of causing such other person to vote for, or not to vote for, any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, Presidential elector, Member of the Senate, or Member of the House of Representatives at any election....
SEC. 2. It shall be unlawful for any person employed in any administrative position by the United States, or by any department, independent agency, or other agency of the United States (including any corporation controlled by the United States or any agency thereof, and any corporation all of the capital stock of which is owned by the United States or any agency thereof ), to use his official authority for the purpose of interfering with, or affecting the election or the nomination of any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, Presidential electors Member of the Senate, or Member of the House of Representatives, Delegates or Commissioners from the Territories and insular possessions.
SEC. 3. It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly, to promise any employment, position, work, compensation, or other benefit, provided for or made possible ill whole or in part by any Act of Congress, to give consideration, favor, or reward for any political activity or for the support of or opposition to any candidate or any political party in any election.
SEC. 4. Except as may be required by the provisions of subsection (b), section 9 of this Act, it shall be unlawful for any persons to deprive, attempt to deprive, or threaten to deprive, by any means, any person of any employment, position, work, compensation, or other benefit provided for or made possible by any Act of Congress appropriating funds for work relief or relief purposes, on account of race, creed, color, or any political activity, support of, or opposition to any candidate or any political party in any election.
SEC. 5. It shall be unlawful for any person to solicit or receive or be in any manner concerned in soliciting or receiving any assessment, subscription, or contribution for any political purpose whatever from any person known by him to be entitled to or receiving compensation, employment, or other benefit provided for or made possible by any Act of Congress appropriating funds for work relief or relief purposes.
SEC. 6. It shall be unlawful for any person I for political purposes to furnish or to disclose, or to aid or assist in furnishing or disclosing, any list or names of persons receiving compensation, employment, or benefits provided for or made possible by any Act of Congress appropriating, or authorizing the appropriation of, funds for work relief or relief purposes, to a political candidate, committee, campaign manager, or to any person for delivery to a political candidate, committee, or campaign manager, and it shall be unlawful for any person to receive any such list or names for political purposes.
SEC. 7. No part of any appropriation made by any Act, heretofore or hereafter enacted making appropriations for work relief, relief, or otherwise to increase employment by providing loans and grants for public-works projects, shall be used for the purpose of, and no authority conferred by any such Act upon any person shall be exercised or administered for the purpose of, interfering with, restraining, or coercing any individual in the exercise of his right to vote at any election.
SEC. 8. Any person who violates any of the foregoing provisions of this Act upon convict; on thereof shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.
SEC. 9. (a) It shall be unlawful for any person employed in the executive branch of the Federal Government, or any agency or department thereof, to use his official authority or influence for the purpose of interfering; with an election or affecting the result thereof. No officer or employee in the executive branch of the Federal Government, or any agency or department thereof, shall take any active part in political management or in political campaigns. All such persons shall retain the right to vote as they may choose and to express their opinions on all political subjects. For the purposes of this section the term "officer" or "employee" shall not be construe to include (1) the President and the Vice Presdent of the United States; (2) persons whose compensation is paid from the appropriation for the office of the President;
(l) heads and assistant heads of executive departments; (4) officers who are appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who determine policies to be pursued by the United States in its relations with foreign powers or in the Nation-wide administration of Federal laws.
(b) Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be immediately removed from the position or office held by him, and thereafter no part of the funds appropriated by any Act of Congress for such position or office shall be used to pay the compensation of such person.
SEC. 9A. (1) It shall be unlawful for any person employed in any capacity by any agency of the Federal Government, whose compensation, or any part thereof, is paid from funds authorized or appropriated by any Act of Congress, to have membership in any political party or organization which advocates the overthrow of our constitutional form of government in the United States.
(2) Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be immediately removed from the position or office held by him, and thereafter no part of the funds appropriated by any Act of Congress for such position or office shall be used to pay the compensation of such person.
SEC. 10. All provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, not in substitution for, of existing law.
SEC. 11. If any provision of this Act, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of the Act, and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
Hatch Act of 1939
The Hatch Act of 1939, An Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities, is a United States federal law. Its main provision prohibits civil service employees in the executive branch of the federal government,  except the president and vice president,  from engaging in some forms of political activity. It became law on August 2, 1939. The law was named for Senator Carl Hatch of New Mexico.  It was most recently amended in 2012.
- Introduced in the Senateas S. 1871 byCarl Hatch (D-NM)
- Passed the House on July 20, 1939 
- Signed into law by PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelton August 2, 1939
The Hatch Act - A Federal Law "To Prevent Pernicious Political Activities" By Government Workers
The following informational flyer appears on the website of the County of Delaware, New York, our neighboring county to the northwest. This warning concerning the Hatch Act (5 U.S. Code Subchapter III) applies not only to that particular location, but to generally employees of the employees of Federal, State, and local governments, as well as private organizations that receive loans or grants originating with the U.S. government.
Federal funding to the Village of Monticello include grants for public housing (HUD), roads and bridges (DOT), law-enforcement (HSA), water and sewer department (USDA), emergency management (FEMA), and numerous other streams. Some such vital funds flow directly from Federal sources to our Village while some Federal dollars are channeled through the State and/or private foundations such as Sullivan Renaissance.
In general, covered employees who violate this law risk not only their jobs, but potentially place in jeopardy the Federal funds received by their employing agency. An OSC investigation into a potential violation raises the possibility of a reprimand, suspension, reduction in grade, removal, debarment from federal employment for up to five years, or civil fines against the employee.
Of particularly timely local interest, see Hatch Act Social Media Quick Guide (US Office of Special Counsel, 2/2018) and Hatch Act Social Media and Email Guidance (US Office of Special Counsel, 2/2018).
The Hatch Act: Political Activity and the Federal Employee
The Hatch Act restricts federal employee participation in certain partisan political activities. The political activity restrictions apply during the entire time of an employee’s federal service. Certain rules prohibit both on-duty and off-duty conduct.
Partisan political activities are those activities directed at the success or failure of a political party, candidate for partisan political office, or partisan political group. While most Federal employees are permitted to take an active part in partisan political management and partisan political campaigns, the Hatch Act does prohibit certain participation by all Federal employees. Federal employees may not seek public office in partisan elections, use their official title or authority when engaging in political activity, solicit or receive contributions for partisan political candidates or groups, and engage in political activity while on duty.
FDA employees are categorized into “less restricted” and “further restricted” employees.
Further Restricted Employees
Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC) officers, Administrative Law Judges (ALJs), and Career Senior Executive Service (SES) employees are subject to further restrictive rules and cannot engage in partisan political activities even during off-duty hours or while away from work. These employees are largely limited to exercising the most basic rights of civic participation, such as voting, making political contributions, and expressing individual opinions.
Less Restricted Employees
All other civilian FDA employees are considered “less restricted’ employees.
Hatch Act Amendments
There have been several Hatch Act Amendments since the law was established in 1939. The first occurred only a year later, in 1940, when Congress extended the Act’s influence, by including more types of federal employees, and employees of state and local governments which receive federal funds. Though, some of the restrictions of this new amendment were later relaxed.
In 1975, the House passed an amendment that would permit federal employees to both participate in partisan elections, and run for public office, though the Senate did not respond. In 1987, another Hatch Act amendment was passed by the House to allow federal workers to actively participate in political campaigns, though it failed to gain Senate approval. A similar bill was approved by both houses of Congress in 1990, but President George H.W. Bush vetoed it.
Currently, examples of Hatch Act restrictions still imposed upon federal employees include prohibitions against:
- Using their political positions to sway an election.
- Running for public office.
- Campaigning for, or receiving political contributions.
- Engaging in political activities while either on the job, or on federal property.
However, they can now participate in political management and/or taking an active role in a political campaign, thanks to the Hatch Act Reform Amendments of 1993, which lifted these prohibitions. Additionally, the 1993 amendments barred elected officials from offering unsolicited recommendations for those in the job market who were seeking federal positions.
In 2012, President Barack Obama signed the Hatch Act Modernization Act of 2012 though, rather than arguing for more rights for federal employees, this Hatch Act amendment actually served to clarify the punishments one might receive, should he or she choose to break the law. Now, disciplinary actions can be taken against the employee, including termination of employment, or removal from office. The new amendment also permits federal employees whose salaries are paid entirely via federal loans or grants to run for elective office.
Over the years, examples of Hatch Act penalties that a federal employee could face for violating the law have varied. For instance, an offending employee could face suspension without pay for violating the Hatch Act. At the state level, the Hatch Act has been significantly revised over time in accordance with the statutes for each particular state.
Hatch Act: Important political activity guidance reminder
WASHINGTON, D.C. – With the start of 2020, the national election campaign season is moving more prominently into high gear across our nation. It is important for all federal employees to remember the applicable statutory restrictions on political activity imposed by the Hatch Act. Previously USDA issued a Hatch Act guidance memorandum, dated September 25, 2019, to all employees via a Departmental e-mail. More recently, USDA also issued a 2020 Hatch Act Guidance Refresher Memorandum, dated January 23, 202. Both of these documents can be found here.
Resources Available to Help You Learn More About the Hatch Act
To further assist USDA employees, we are sending out this refresher notice to all employees about the Hatch Act and the resources readily available to you for obtaining answers to questions about personal political activities. There are several resources available to all USDA employees:
- All employees are encouraged to direct any questions about the Hatch Act to the USDA Office of Ethics at its “Hatch Act Hotline” (202) 720-2251 or via e-mail at [email protected]
- Additionally, employees can readily locate the Office of Ethics advisors assigned to service their Mission Areas at: www.ethics.usda.gov
- Further information about the Hatch Act can be found on the USDA Ethics App (you can search “USDA Ethics” and download the App on any smart phone)
- Also, you can view several short videos about the Hatch Act located on the Video Section of the USDA Ethics App as well as on USDA’s official YouTube page 1
Overview of the Hatch Act Rules: Determining if You Are “Less Restricted” or “Further Restricted”
1- The Rules for “Less Restricted” Employees :
Although all Executive Branch employees are covered by the Hatch Act, not all employees are covered by the same restrictions. The majority of USDA employees are considered under the Hatch Act to be “Less Restricted” and may engage in political activity while off-duty, outside of Federal buildings, out of uniform, and without using their USDA position title or Federal resources. The “Less Restricted” category includes all GS-level, SL and ST career employees, and all political appointees. Those employees who wish to volunteer for political campaigns should seek prior guidance on the relevant rules by contacting the Office of Ethics at (202) 720-2251 or via e-mail at: [email protected] Senate-confirmed Presidential appointees are also “Less Restricted” and because the set of rules governing these officials are more complex, those officials should seek further guidance from the Office of Ethics prior to engaging in political activities.
2- The Rules for “Further Restricted” Employees (Career-SES and ALJs)
The rules apply more stringently to certain senior employees, such as those employees in career Senior Executive Service positions and Administrative Law Judges. Because of their leadership positions as the most senior career officials within the Executive Branch, SES and ALJs are considered under the Hatch Act to be “Further Restricted” and may not engage in certain political activities, even on their own time. Career SES and ALJs interested in learning more are encouraged to contact the Office of Ethics.
3- Volunteering for a Political Campaign in Your Personal Capacity Off-Duty
Under the Hatch Act, if you are a “less restricted” employee, you are permitted to volunteer for a political campaign of your choice, provided that you are:
- Outside of a Federal building
- Not using government resources, government e-mails, or computer equipment
- Not soliciting or receiving campaign contributions
- Not wearing an official USDA insignia or apparel with government insignia (such as a Forest Service uniform or an FSA or RD polo shirt)
* Important Note: You cannot enlist your subordinate employees to assist in any partisan political campaign.
Volunteer activities for employees who are “Less Restricted” could include:
- An active part in managing or volunteering on a political campaign
- Serving as an officer of a political party or other political group, or as a member of a national, state, or local committee of a political party
- Canvassing for votes in support of, or in opposition to, a political candidate
- Addressing a convention, rally, caucus, or similar gathering of a political party in support of, or in opposition to, a partisan candidate for public office
- Assisting in “get out the vote” partisan phone banks
- Attending political fundraisers, but not soliciting political contributions
- Distributing campaign literature in partisan elections
- Assisting in voter registration drives
- Circulating nominating petitions
Please remember, these allowances apply only to employees who are volunteering in their personal capacity, on their own time, and not in a Federal building. USDA Employees must not enlist subordinate employees to assist any partisan political campaign. Additionally, employees who are “Further Restricted” (career SES and Administrative Law Judges) cannot volunteer to assist any partisan political campaign.
4- Restrictions on Political Contributions and Fundraising
- Federal employees are prohibited from soliciting political contributions from any person or organization at any time. The restriction against political fundraising is a complete ban on a 24/7 basis. This means, for example, that you:
- Cannot host a political fundraiser at your personal residence
- Cannot solicit donations to a Campaign, Political Party or Political Action Committee
- Cannot join a host committee (or permit your name to be used) for a fundraising event
- Cannot send or forward campaign fundraising e-mails, solicit campaign donations on Facebook, or retweet fundraising solicitations that you may receive to others
'NOTE: If you choose to, you can always contribute your own personal funds to political candidates, parties, or groups and may attend political fundraisers in your personal capacity.
5- Social Media and the Hatch Act
You must be especially vigilant to comply with the Hatch Act when using social media while in the workplace, on duty, or anytime while using your USDA e-mail account or using government-issued computer equipment or communications devices.
For Social Media, this means:
- Don't post, like, share or retweet a message or comment in support of or opposition to a political party, candidate, or partisan political group while you are on official duty or are in the workplace, even if your social media account is private
- Never post, like, share or retweet a message or comment to solicit a political contribution for a political party, candidate in a partisan race or partisan political group
- Never use your official authority or government social media resources (including government e-mail and twitter accounts) to post, like, share or retweet a message or comment to influence the outcome of an election
When in doubt, contact the USDA Office of Ethics for the latest Hatch Act guidance.
6- Other Hatch Act Limitations
As a Federal employee, you cannot:
- Run as a candidate in a partisan political election for a Federal, State, or local elected office
- Use your official authority or influence for the purpose of interfering with or affecting the result of an election (e.g., using your official title when participating in political activity, using your authority to coerce another to participate in political activity, or soliciting or receiving services from a subordinate for any political purpose)
- Knowingly solicit or discourage the participation in any political activity of any person who has an application for any compensation, grant, contract, ruling, license, permit, or certificate pending before the staff member's office
- Knowingly solicit or discourage the participation in any political activity of any person who is the subject of, or a participant in, an ongoing audit, investigation, or enforcement action being carried out by your office
- Coerce any Federal employee to engage in or not engage in any political activity
- You cannot wear any campaign apparel into the office or while you are on duty. This means, for example, that when you are on duty or in the Federal workplace, you cannot wear any campaign buttons, stickers, ballcaps, or t-shirts with political campaign messages, slogans, logos, or items purchased from a political campaign’s website
- You cannot display pictures of candidates for partisan political office in your Federal office or in a Federal building, unless it is a personal photo and all of the following apply:
- The photograph was on display in advance of the election season
- The employee is in the photograph with the candidate
- The photograph is a personal one (i.e., taken at a personal event or function such as a wedding, and not at a campaign event or other partisan political event)
- The employee must not have a political purpose for displaying the photograph, namely promoting or opposing a political party or a candidate for partisan political office
This memorandum summarizes highlights of the Hatch Act rules. Direct any questions to the Office of Ethics at (202) 720-2251 or at [email protected] Additionally, employees can direct any questions to the Office of Ethics advisors assigned to service their Mission Areas at: www.ethics.usda.gov.
1 As a resource readily available to employees on demand, the USDA Office of Ethics has created three short videos on USDA’s Official YouTube site:
Our database of roll call votes from 1789-1989 (1990 for House votes) comes from an academic data source, VoteView.com, that has digitized paper records going back more than 200 years. Because of the difficulty of this task, the accuracy of these vote records is reduced.
From October 2014 through July 2015, we displayed incorrect vote totals in some cases. Although the total correctly reflected the announced positions of Members of Congress, the totals incorrectly included &ldquopaired&rdquo votes, which is when two Members of Congress, one planning to vote in favor and the other against, plan ahead of time to both abstain.
In addition, these records do not always distinguish between Members of Congress not voting (abstaining) from Members of Congress who were not eligible to vote because they had not yet taken office, or for other reasons. As a result, you may see extra not-voting entries and in these cases Senate votes may show more than 100 senators listed!
&ldquoAye&rdquo and &ldquoYea&rdquo mean the same thing, and so do &ldquoNo&rdquo and &ldquoNay&rdquo. Congress uses different words in different sorts of votes.
The U.S. Constitution says that bills should be decided on by the &ldquoyeas and nays&rdquo (Article I, Section 7). Congress takes this literally and uses &ldquoyea&rdquo and &ldquonay&rdquo when voting on the final passage of bills.
All Senate votes use these words. But the House of Representatives uses &ldquoAye&rdquo and &ldquoNo&rdquo in other sorts of votes.
Vote District Party Representative Score Yea LA 8 th D Allen, Asa Yea PA 28 th D Allen, Robert Yea MO 12 th D Anderson, Charles Yea OH 17 th D Ashbrook, William Yea TX 3 rd D Beckworth, Lindley Yea IN 8 th D Boehne, John Yea LA 4 th D Brooks, Overton Yea NC 8 th D Burgin, William Yea TN 5 th D Byrns, Joseph Yea OK 3 rd D Cartwright, Wilburn Yea KY 6 th D Chapman, Virgil Yea OH 11 th D Claypool, Harold Yea MO 13 th D Cochran, John Yea NE 5 th D Coffee, Harry Yea MD 2 nd D Cole, William Yea MS 6 th D Colmer, William Yea TN 8 th D Cooper, Jere Yea CA 15 th D Costello, John Yea TN 6 th D Courtney, William Yea OH 21 st D Crosser, Robert Yea VA 2 nd D Darden, Colgate Yea LA 7 th D De Rouen, René Yea NM 1 st D Dempsey, John Yea OK 1 st D Disney, Wesley Yea MS 2 nd D Doxey, Wall Yea VA 4 th D Drewry, Patrick Yea PA 12 th D Flannery, John Yea SC 2 nd D Fulmer, Hampton Yea TX 17 th D Garrett, Clyde Yea AR 1 st D Gathings, Ezekiel Yea TN 4 th D Gore, Albert Yea TX 13 th D Gossett, Ed Yea LA 6 th D Griffith, John Yea IA 9 th D Harrington, Vincent Yea OH 14 th D Harter, Dow Yea KS 5 th D Houston, John Yea OH 9 th D Hunter, John Yea IA 2 nd D Jacobsen, William Yea OK 6 th D Johnson, Jed Yea TX 6 th D Johnson, Luther Yea TX 18 th D Jones, John Yea TX 20 th D Kilday, Paul Yea AR 7 th D Kitchens, Wade Yea TX 14 th D Kleberg, Richard Yea TX 12 th D Lanham, Fritz Yea CO 1 st D Lewis, Lawrence Yea IN 12 th D Ludlow, Louis Yea TX 19 th D Mahon, George Yea LA 2 nd D Maloney, Paul Yea MA 12 th D McCormack, John Yea MS 7 th D McGehee, Daniel Yea NE 2 nd D McLaughlin, Charles Yea LA 5 th D Mills, Newt Yea OK 5 th D Monroney, Almer Yea LA 3 rd D Mouton, Robert Yea OK 2 nd D Nichols, John Yea AR 6 th D Norrell, William Yea GA 3 rd D Pace, Stephen Yea TX 7 th D Patton, Nat Yea TN 7 th D Pearson, Herron Yea TX 11 th D Poage, William Yea OH 6 th D Polk, James Yea GA 5 th D Ramspeck, Robert Yea WV 2 nd D Randolph, Jennings Yea MS 1 st D Rankin, John Yea TX 4 th D Rayburn, Samuel Yea VA 7 th D Robertson, Absalom Yea CT 5 th D Smith, John Yea IL D Smith, Thomas Yea TX 21 st D South, Charles Yea AL 5 th D Starnes, Joe Yea NJ 3 rd D Sutphin, William Yea OH 20 th D Sweeney, Martin Yea AR 5 th D Terry, David Yea TX 8 th D Thomas, Albert Yea TX 16 th D Thomason, Robert Yea CA 12 th D Voorhis, Jerry Yea PA 21 st D Walter, Francis Yea MD 1 st D Ward, David Yea TX 15 th D West, Milton Yea GA 9 th D Whelchel, Benjamin Yea MS 3 rd D Whittington, William Yea WI 10 th Progressive Gehrmann, Bernard Yea WI 9 th Progressive Hull, Merlin Yea MN 3 rd R Alexander, John Yea IL 13 th R Allen, Leo Yea MN 7 th R Andersen, Herman Yea MN 1 st R Andresen, August Yea OR 3 rd R Angell, Homer Yea IL 17 th R Arends, Leslie Yea CT 4 th R Austin, Albert Yea CT 2 nd R Ball, Thomas Yea NY 17 th R Barton, Bruce Yea MA 6 th R Bates, George Yea OH R Bender, George Yea MI 6 th R Blackney, William Yea WI 1 st R Bolles, Stephen Yea OH 22 nd R Bolton, Chester Yea MI 11 th R Bradley, Frederick Yea ME 3 rd R Brewster, Ralph Yea OH 7 th R Brown, Clarence Yea KS 6 th R Carlson, Frank Yea CA 6 th R Carter, Albert Yea SD 2 nd R Case, Francis Yea IL 15 th R Chiperfield, Robert Yea IL 10 th R Church, Ralph Yea MA 2 nd R Clason, Charles Yea OH 5 th R Clevenger, Cliff Yea NY 37 th R Cole, William Yea PA 30 th R Corbett, Robert Yea MI 8 th R Crawford, Fred Yea NY 30 th R Crowther, Frank Yea NY 32 nd R Culkin, Francis Yea NE 4 th R Curtis, Carl Yea PA 7 th R Darrow, George Yea IL 16 th R Dirksen, Everett Yea PA 17 th R Ditter, John Yea MI 17 th R Dondero, George Yea NY 33 rd R Douglas, Fred Yea IA 6 th R Dowell, Cassius Yea ID 2 nd R Dworshak, Henry Yea NJ 5 th R Eaton, Charles Yea OH 1 st R Elston, Charles Yea MI 9 th R Engel, Albert Yea CA 2 nd R Englebright, Harry Yea PA 13 th R Fenton, Ivor Yea NY 26 th R Fish, Hamilton Yea CA 16 th R Ford, Leland Yea NY 25 th R Gamble, Ralph Yea PA 5 th R Gartner, Fred Yea CA 9 th R Gearhart, Bertrand Yea PA 9 th R Gerlach, Charles Yea IA 8 th R Gilchrist, Fred Yea IN 4 th R Gillie, George Yea PA 26 th R Graham, Louis Yea IN 3 rd R Grant, Robert Yea PA 22 nd R Gross, Chester Yea KS 2 nd R Guyer, Ulysses Yea IA 3 rd R Gwynne, John Yea NY 1 st R Hall, Leonard Yea IN 2 nd R Halleck, Charles Yea NY 35 th R Hancock, Clarence Yea IN 5 th R Harness, Forest Yea NY 41 st R Harter, John Yea NJ 10 th R Hartley, Fred Yea WI 2 nd R Hawks, Charles Yea NE 1 st R Heinke, George Yea OH 2 nd R Hess, William Yea CA 11 th R Hinshaw, John Yea MI 4 th R Hoffman, Clare Yea MA 4 th R Holmes, Pehr Yea KS 7 th R Hope, Clifford Yea WY R Horton, Frank Yea PA 20 th R Jarrett, Benjamin Yea NJ 2 nd R Jeffries, Walter Yea OH 10 th R Jenkins, Thomas Yea NH 1 st R Jenks, Arthur Yea IA 7 th R Jensen, Benton Yea WI 8 th R Johns, Joshua Yea IL 14 th R Johnson, Anton Yea IN 6 th R Johnson, Noble Yea OH 4 th R Jones, Robert Yea NJ 12 th R Kean, Robert Yea WI 6 th R Keefe, Frank Yea PA 10 th R Kinzer, John Yea MN 6 th R Knutson, Harold Yea PA 19 th R Kunkel, John Yea KS 1 st R Lambertson, William Yea IN 7 th R Landis, Gerald Yea IA 5 th R Le Compte, Karl Yea ND R Lemke, William Yea OH 18 th R Lewis, Earl Yea MA 9 th R Luce, Robert Yea MN 4 th R Maas, Melvin Yea MI 5 th R Mapes, Carl Yea OH R Marshall, Lycurgus Yea MA 14 th R Martin, Joseph Yea IA 1 st R Martin, Thomas Yea IL 12 th R Mason, Noah Yea PA 31 st R McDowell, John Yea NJ 6 th R McLean, Donald Yea MI 13 th R McLeod, Clarence Yea MI 2 nd R Michener, Earl Yea CT 1 st R Miller, William Yea CT R Monkiewicz, Boleslaus Yea OR 1 st R Mott, James Yea SD 1 st R Mundt, Karl Yea WI 7 th R Murray, Reid Yea ME 1 st R Oliver, James Yea NJ 9 th R Osmers, Frank Yea NY 38 th R O’Brien, Joseph Yea NY 31 st R Pierce, Wallace Yea MN 8 th R Pittenger, William Yea VT R Plumley, Charles Yea NJ 4 th R Powers, David Yea TN 1 st R Reece, Brazilla Yea IL 11 th R Reed, Chauncey Yea KS 4 th R Rees, Edward Yea PA 16 th R Rich, Robert Yea RI 1 st R Risk, Charles Yea KY 9 th R Robsion, John Yea NY 27 th R Rockefeller, Lewis Yea PA 29 th R Rodgers, Robert Yea MA 5 th R Rogers, Edith Yea OH 3 rd R Routzohn, Harry Yea PA 15 th R Rutherford, Albert Yea RI 2 nd R Sandager, Harry Yea WI 4 th R Schafer, John Yea WV 1 st R Schiffler, Andrew Yea OH 16 th R Seccombe, James Yea NJ 8 th R Seger, George Yea MI 3 rd R Shafer, Paul Yea MO 7 th R Short, Dewey Yea PA 18 th R Simpson, Richard Yea ME 2 nd R Smith, Clyde Yea IN 10 th R Springer, Raymond Yea NH 2 nd R Stearns, Foster Yea NE 3 rd R Stefan, Karl Yea IL 18 th R Sumner, Jessie Yea NY 36 th R Taber, John Yea IA 4 th R Talle, Henry Yea TN 2 nd R Taylor, James Yea WI 5 th R Thill, Lewis Yea NJ 7 th R Thomas, John Yea PA 27 th R Tibbott, Harve Yea MA 10 th R Tinkham, George Yea MA 1 st R Treadway, Allen Yea PA 23 rd R Van Zandt, James Yea OH 12 th R Vorys, John Yea NJ 11 th R Vreeland, Albert Yea NY 39 th R Wadsworth, James Yea CA 5 th R Welch, Richard Yea IL 19 th R Wheat, William Yea OH 13 th R White, Dudley Yea MA 13 th R Wigglesworth, Richard Yea DE R Williams, George Yea KS 3 rd R Winter, Thomas Yea MI 7 th R Wolcott, Jesse Yea NJ 1 st R Wolverton, Charles Yea MI 10 th R Woodruff, Roy Yea MN 5 th R Youngdahl, Oscar Nay NY 20 th American Labor Marcantonio, Vito Nay IL 23 rd D Arnold, Laurence Nay NC 3 rd D Barden, Graham Nay IL 20 th D Barnes, James Nay NY 2 nd D Barry, William Nay KY 8 th D Bates, Joseph Nay IL 4 th D Beam, Harry Nay MO 4 th D Bell, Charles Nay VA 1 st D Bland, Schuyler Nay NY 19 th D Bloom, Sol Nay PA 11 th D Boland, Patrick Nay AL 1 st D Boykin, Frank Nay PA 3 rd D Bradley, Michael Nay GA 10 th D Brown, Paul Nay CA 3 rd D Buck, Frank Nay NC 10 th D Bulwinkle, Alfred Nay FL 3 rd D Caldwell, Millard Nay FL 4 th D Cannon, Pat Nay MO 9 th D Cannon, Clarence Nay MA 3 rd D Casey, Joseph Nay NY 10 th D Celler, Emanuel Nay TN 9 th D Chandler, Clift Nay NC 7 th D Clark, Jerome Nay WA 6 th D Coffee, John Nay MS 5 th D Collins, Ross Nay GA 2 nd D Cox, Edward Nay KY 4 th D Creal, Edward Nay IN 9 th D Crowe, Eugene Nay NY 4 th D Cullen, Thomas Nay NY 7 th D Delaney, John Nay NY 12 th D Dickstein, Samuel Nay MI 15 th D Dingell, John Nay NC 9 th D Doughton, Robert Nay MO 3 rd D Duncan, Richard Nay PA 34 th D Dunn, Matthew Nay NC 6 th D Durham, Carl Nay MD 3 rd D D’Alesandro, Thomas Nay PA 32 nd D Eberharter, Herman Nay WV 3 rd D Edmiston, Andrew Nay CA 10 th D Elliott, Alfred Nay AR 3 rd D Ellis, Clyde Nay PA 25 th D Faddis, Charles Nay NY 16 th D Fay, James Nay MA 11 th D Flaherty, Thomas Nay VA 9 th D Flannagan, John Nay CA 14 th D Ford, Thomas Nay IL 21 st D Fries, Frank Nay NY 21 st D Gavagan, Joseph Nay GA 8 th D Gibbs, Willis Nay AL 2 nd D Grant, George Nay FL 2 nd D Green, Lex Nay KY 1 st D Gregory, Noble Nay NJ 14 th D Hart, Edward Nay CA 4 th D Havenner, Franck Nay MA 8 th D Healey, Arthur Nay FL 5 th D Hendricks, Joseph Nay MO 11 th D Hennings, Thomas Nay WA 4 th D Hill, Knute Nay AL 4 th D Hobbs, Samuel Nay MI 12 th D Hook, Frank Nay CA 20 th D Izac, Edouard Nay AL 6 th D Jarman, Pete Nay WV 4 th D Johnson, George Nay TX 10 th D Johnson, Lyndon Nay WV 5 th D Kee, John Nay IL 25 th D Keller, Kent Nay MD 4 th D Kennedy, Ambrose Nay NY 18 th D Kennedy, Martin Nay NY 15 th D Kennedy, Michael Nay NY 9 th D Keogh, Eugene Nay OH 19 th D Kirwan, Michael Nay IL 8 th D Kocialkowski, Leo Nay CA 13 th D Kramer, Charles Nay IN 11 th D Larrabee, William Nay WA 5 th D Leavy, Charles Nay MI 16 th D Lesinski, John Nay IL 6 th D Maciejewski, Anton Nay CO 3 rd D Martin, John Nay IL D Martin, John Nay KY 7 th D May, Andrew Nay IL 9 th D McAndrews, James Nay PA 33 rd D McArdle, Joseph Nay PA 2 nd D McGranery, James Nay IL 2 nd D McKeough, Raymond Nay SC 6 th D McMillan, John Nay SC 1 st D McMillan, Thomas Nay NY D Merritt, Matthew Nay AR 2 nd D Mills, Wilbur Nay IL 1 st D Mitchell, Arthur Nay PA 14 th D Moser, Guy Nay UT 1 st D Murdock, Abe Nay PA 6 th D Myers, Francis Nay MO 2 nd D Nelson, William Nay NJ 13 th D Norton, Mary Nay MT 2 nd D O’Connor, James Nay NY D O’Day, Caroline Nay NY 11 th D O’Leary, James Nay KY 3 rd D O’Neal, Emmet Nay NY 8 th D O’Toole, Donald Nay IL 24 th D Parsons, Claude Nay AL 9 th D Patrick, Luther Nay GA 1 st D Peterson, Hugh Nay FL 1 st D Peterson, James Nay OR 2 nd D Pierce, Walter Nay MI 14 th D Rabaut, Louis Nay SC 5 th D Richards, James Nay UT 2 nd D Robinson, James Nay OK D Rogers, Will Nay MO 1 st D Romjue, Milton Nay IL 5 th D Sabath, Adolph Nay PA 1 st D Sacks, Leon Nay VA 3 rd D Satterfield, Dave Nay IL 22 nd D Schaefer, Edwin Nay IL 7 th D Schuetz, Leonard Nay NV D Scrugham, James Nay CT 3 rd D Shanley, James Nay MO 5 th D Shannon, Joseph Nay CA 19 th D Sheppard, Harry Nay NY 14 th D Sirovich, William Nay WA 3 rd D Smith, Martin Nay PA 24 th D Snyder, John Nay NY 6 th D Somers, Andrew Nay AL 8 th D Sparkman, John Nay KY 5 th D Spence, Brent Nay AL 3 rd D Steagall, Henry Nay GA 7 th D Tarver, Malcolm Nay MI 1 st D Tenerowicz, Rudolph Nay KY 2 nd D Vincent, Beverly Nay GA 6 th D Vinson, Carl Nay NC 11 th D Weaver, Zebulon Nay ID 1 st D White, Compton Nay MO 8 th D Williams, Clyde Nay MO 6 th D Wood, Reuben Nay MO 10 th D Zimmerman, Orville No Vote VA 5 th D Burch, Thomas No Vote MD 6 th D Byron, William No Vote MS 4 th D Ford, Aaron No Vote IL 3 rd D Kelly, Edward No Vote WA 1 st D Magnuson, Warren No Vote TX 9 th D Mansfield, Joseph No Vote AZ D Murdock, John No Vote NY 3 rd D Pfeifer, Joseph No Vote MD 5 th D Sasscer, Lansdale No Vote NY 13 th D Sullivan, Christopher No Vote VA 6 th D Woodrum, Clifton No Vote CA 8 th R Anderson, John No Vote NY 40 th R Andrews, Walter No Vote NY 29 th R Cluett, Ernest No Vote MA 15 th R Gifford, Charles No Vote NY 43 rd R Reed, Daniel No Vote OH 8 th R Smith, Frederick No Vote MT 1 st R Thorkelson, Jacob No Vote PA 8 th R Wolfenden, James Present OK 4 th D Boren, Lyle Present SC 4 th D Bryson, Joseph Present NY 23 rd D Buckley, Charles Present NY 28 th D Byrne, William Present MA 7 th D Connery, Lawrence Present NC 4 th D Cooley, Harold Present CO 2 nd D Cummings, Fred Present NY 22 nd D Curley, Edward Present TX 2 nd D Dies, Martin Present NY 5 th D Evans, Marcellus Present OK 8 th D Ferguson, Phillip Present LA 1 st D Fernández, Joachim Present NY 24 th D Fitzpatrick, James Present NC 5 th D Folger, Alonzo Present CA 17 th D Geyer, Lee Present SC 3 rd D Hare, Butler Present NC 2 nd D Kerr, John Present CA 1 st D Lea, Clarence Present OK 7 th D Massingale, Samuel Present TX 1 st D Patman, John Present MN 2 nd D Ryan, Elmer Present IN 1 st D Schulte, William Present NY 42 nd D Schwert, Pius Present OH 15 th D Secrest, Robert Present VA 8 th D Smith, Howard Present WV 6 th D Smith, Joseph Present TX 5 th D Sumners, Hatton Present CO 4 th D Taylor, Edward Present CA 7 th D Tolan, John Present WA 2 nd D Wallgren, Monrad Present NC 1 st D Warren, Lindsay Present MN 9 th Farmer-Labor Buckler, Richard Present ND R Burdick, Usher Present CA 18 th R Eaton, Thomas
Statistically Notable Votes
Statistically notable votes are the votes that are most surprising, or least predictable, given how other members of each voter&rsquos party voted.
How did the Hatch Act reinforce reforms initiated under the Pendleton Act? Arthur became president and passed the Pendleton Act that made hiring and promotion merit-based rather than patronage-based. In 1993, the Hatch Act was passed and prohibited civil service employees from acting in partisan politics while on duty.
As defined in this report, a government corporation is a government agency that is established by Congress to provide a market-oriented public service and to produce revenues that meet or approximate its expenditures.
According to the act's provisions, an employee who violates the Hatch Act is to be removed from their position with all pay revoked.
However, if the Merit Systems Protection Board finds by unanimous vote that the violation does not warrant removal, they are to be suspended for at least 30 days without pay.
Federal employees should also be aware that certain political activities may also be criminal offenses under title 18 of the U.S. Code.
Top Government Officials Rarely Punished Under Hatch Act
President Trump at the White House on Aug. 25. The White House has brushed off questions about its compliance with the Hatch Act.
This week’s Republican National Convention has drawn renewed attention to the Hatch Act, a 1939 ethics law that broadly restricts federal employees’ political activity and their use of federal resources for politics.
President Trump has held convention events at the White House and has incorporated official actions like a naturalization ceremony, a foreign trip by the Secretary of State and a presidential pardon into the convention programming, raising questions about whether the White House is complying with the letter or spirit of the federal ethics laws designed to keep official actions from becoming campaign fodder.
The White House has repeatedly brushed off questions about its compliance with the law. “Nobody outside of the Beltway really cares," White House chief of staff Mark Meadows said in an interview with the website Politico on Wednesday.
The United States Office of Special Counsel issued an advisory opinion earlier this month that Mr. Trump would be permitted to deliver a political address from the White House but said there would be restrictions on whether any White House officials could participate.
What is the Hatch Act?
Also known as “An Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities,” the Hatch Act was passed in 1939 over concerns that President Franklin Roosevelt was using New Deal program administrators and employees to boost the Democratic Party’s political fortunes.
Watch the video: Former ethics director Kellyanne Conway violated Hatch Act with Roy Moore comments (January 2022).